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Surkhandarya Province

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Surkhandarya Province

Coordinates: 38°0′N 67°30′E / 38.000°N 67.500°E / 38.000; 67.500

Surxondaryo (Surkhandarya) Province (سرخان‌دریا)
Surxondaryo viloyati
Province
Country Uzbekistan
Capital Termiz
Area 20,100 km2 (7,761 sq mi)
Population 1,925,100 (2005)
Density 96 / km2 (249 / sq mi)
ISO 3166-2 UZ-SU

Surxondaryo Province (Uzbek: Surxondaryo viloyati, Сурхондарё вилояти, Persian: سرخان‌دریا‎, UniPers: "sorxāndaryā"), old spelling Surkhandarya Province is a viloyat (province) of Uzbekistan, located in the extreme south-east of the country. Established on March 6, 1941, it borders on Turkmenistan, Tajikstan, Afghanistan and Qashqadaryo Province. It covers an area of 20,100 km². The population is estimated at 1,925,100 (end of 2005 data), with 80% living in rural areas.[1] According to official data, 83% of the population are Uzbeks and 1% Tajiks.[2] The highest point of Province and also of Uzbekistan is Khazrati Sulton peak reaching 4,643 m/15,233 ft in Gissar Range.[3]

The provincial capital is Termiz with population of 122,900 and the second largest city is Denov (Denau) with 69,500 inhabitants (data for 2005).[1] Other major towns include Boysun, Jarqo‘rg‘on, Qumqo‘rg‘on, Shargun, Sherobod, Sho‘rchi, and Sariosiyo.

The climate is continental, with mild wet winters and hot dry summers. The southern part of the province is in the Badkhiz-Karabil semi-desert ecoregion (PA0808), characterized by a savanna of pistachio and desert sedge. The northern portion is characterized by open woodlands (Gissaro-Alai open woodlands ecoregion, PA1306), with characteristic plants being pistachio, almond, walnut, apple, and juniper. Sagebrush is common at lower elevations [4][5]

Natural resources include petroleum, natural gas, and coal. Light industry, mainly cotton ginning and food processing, is also an important part of the provincial economy, particularly in the production of consumer goods. Agriculture is based primarily on cotton and cereals, supplemented with horticulture and viticulture. Surxondaryo is the country's largest supplier of long-fiber cotton. Livestock accounts for 40% of regional agricultural product.[1] The climatic conditions of this region also make it possible to cultivate subtropical crops such as sugarcane.

The province has a well-developed transport infrastructure, with 300 km of railways and 2,700 km of surfaced roads.[1] Central Asia's only river port is located at Termez on the Amudarya River.

History

Bitter debates accompanied the Soviet allocation of Surkhandarya Province to the Uzbek SSR rather than the Tajik SSR in 1929, as that province, as well as the areas of Bukhara and Samarkand, had sizeable, if not dominant, Tajik populations.

Districts

The provinces is divided into 14 districts (tumans):[6][7]

District name District capital
1 Angor Angor
2 Bandikhon Bandikhon
3 Boysun Boysun
4 Denov (Denau) Denov (Denau)
5 Jarkurghon (Jarqo‘rg‘on) Jarkurghon
6 Kizirik (Qiziriq) Sariq
7 Kumkurghon (Qumqo‘rg‘on) Kumkurghon
8 Muzrabot Khalkobod (Khalkabad)
9 Oltinsoy Qarluq
10 Sariosiyo Sariosiyo
11 Termiz Termiz (Termez)
12 Uzun Uzun
13 Sherobod Sherobod
14 Shurchi (Sho‘rchi) Shurchi

Agriculture (2005 data)

Agriculture accounts for 42% of total employment in Surxondaryo Province and produces 8% of Uzbekistan’s agricultural output. Agricultural production is 56% crops and 44% livestock (like the country’s average). Milk yields are less than 1,700 kg per cow per year, on a par with the national average.

Main characteristics of agriculture in Surxondaryo Province[1][8]

Surxondaryo Percent of
national total
Sown area 278,100 ha 8
Cereals 45% 8
Cotton 45% 8
Potatoes, vegetables 5% 7
Feed crops 5% 5
Fruit orchards 12,600 ha 6
Vineyards 8,400 ha 6
Cattle 531,100 head 8
Cows 241,900 head 9
Sheep, goats 1,253,500 head 11

References

External links

  • Surxondaryo Province official web site (Russian).
  • Map of Surxondaryo Province (Russian).
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