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Psychotropic Drugs and other Substance (952 Books)


A psychoactive drug, psychopharmaceutical, or psychotropic is a chemical substance that crosses the blood-brain barrier and acts primarily upon the central nervous system where it affects brain function, resulting in changes in perception, mood, consciousness, cognition, and behavior. These substances may be used recreationally, to purposefully alter one's consciousness, as entheogens, for ritual, spiritual, and/or shamanic purposes, as a tool for studying or augmenting the mind, or therapeutically as medication.

 
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Dod 601O. 8-R : Definitions

By: Department of Defense

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: In an effort to be as specific as possible as to the word and intent. of CHAMPUS, the following definitions have been developed. While many of the definitions are general and some assign meaning to relatively common terms within the health insurance environment, others are applicable only to CHAMPUS; however, they all appear in this Regulation solely for the purpose of the Puogram. Except when otherwise specified, the definitions in this chapter apply generally ...

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1985; Volume 63, Numbe...

By: L. V. Deverajan

Medical Reference Publication

A resolution adopted by the twenty-sixth session of the WHO Regional Committee for Europe in 1976 requested the Regional Director to convene a consultative group to advise on the development of a medium-term programme on prevention of road traffic accidents. The Group recommended that, within that programme, priority be given to a study of the problem of alcohol and medical drugs as major risk factors in road traffic accidents.

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Green Prisons: Rethinking the Sustainability of the Carceral Estat...

By: D. Moran; Y. Jewkes

Description: School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK. This exploratory paper introduces the notion of the green prison, uncovering the ways in which environmental sustainability inflects carceral policies and practices. Focusing on the United States, it highlights the construction of an organizational sustainable development discourse within the correctional system, and argues that it is the system, rather than ...

Anderson, K. and Smith, S.: Emotional geographies, T. I. Brit. Geogr., 26, 7–10, 2001.; Banerjee, S. B.: Who sustains whose development? Sustainable development and the reinvention of nature, Organizational Studies, 24, 143–180, 2003.; Bondi, L.: Making connections and thinking through emotions: between geography and psychotherapy, Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 30, 433–448, 2005.; Bonds, A.: Building Prisons, Building Poverty: Prison Sitings, Disp...

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A Comparision of Hodgkin-huxley and Soliton Neural Theories : Volu...

By: U. Van Rienen; S. Petersen; R. Appali

Description: Institute of General Electrical Engineering, Chair of Electromagnetic Field Theory, University of Rostock, Justus-von-Liebig-Weg 2, 18059 Rostock, Germany. Hodgkin and Huxley were the pioneers to abstract biological neuron as an electric circuit and nerve signal as the voltage impulse. The Hodgkin-Huxley theory (Hodgkin and Huxley, 1952) has set the direction and defined the goals for much of the ensuing research in biophysics. However, in 2005, T. Heimb...

Andersen, S., Jackson, A. D., and Heimburg, T.: Towards a thermodynamic theory of nerve pulse propagation, Progr. Neurobiol., 88, 104–113, 2009.; Bernstein, J.: Studies on the thermodynamics of bioelectric currents, Pflügers Arch. Ges. Physiol., 92, 521–562, 1902.; Cole, K. S. and Curtis,~H. J.: Electric impedance of the squid giant axon during activity, J. Gen. Physiol., 22, 649–670, 1939.; Gerstner, W. and Kistler, M. W.: Spiking neuron models. Single neurons, populati...

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1984; Volume 62, Numbe...

By: J. A. Rao

Medical Reference Publication

INTRODUCTIOS notification from a government, the Connittecoem e Among the functions of the World Health Organ- to a finding as to whether or not the substance in ization is the taking of decisions on the status of question is or is convertible into one with addictionindividual drugs under the relevant international producing or addiction-sustaining properties similar treaties for narcotics control. This function has been to those of morphine or cocaine or cannabis. A pos...

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Comprehensive Communities Program

By: John Ashcroft

Legal Reference Publication

Excerpt: Crime continues to be a major concern in our nation?s communities. Public safety and quality of life are of critical importance to citizens, elected officials, and community services providers. Although public and private agencies and businesses have an interest and investment in preserving public safety, neither can do this job alone. Experience has taught us that problems can be solved better and more efficiently when tackled by communities as a whole rather t...

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World Health Organization : Year 1994 ; World Health Organization,...

By: M. Isaac

Medical Reference Publication

IN'I'HODUCTION The TCD- I0 Symptorn Glossary for Mental Disorders provides brief definitions of the symptomsand terms used in the criteria listed in the FO-F6 categories of the ICD-10 Classification of Mental and Behavioural ~isorders'. It has been developed as a companion to the ICD-I0 Symptom Checklist for Mental Disorders., an instrument intended for clinicians' recording of the psychiatric symptoms and syndromes relevant to diagnoses in the FO-Fh categories of ICD-10...

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World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 252: Trai...

By: P. A. H. Baan

Medical Reference Publication

1. NEED FOR PSYCHIATRISTS The growing demand for psychiatric care that is becoming evident all over the world is due to two sets of circumstances. The first is the general increase in mental disorders requiring treatment ; this is so marked that even countries with very ample resources in money and manpower are beginning to worry about the future. The second is the rapid growth of theoretical and practical knowledge, which, in recent decades, has broadened the scope of p...

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1972; Volume 46; Volum...

By: V. H. Lee

Medical Reference Publication

1. INTRODUCTION In 1969 the first meeting of a European group of scientists, later known as the WHO Drug Utilization Research Group (DURC), was convened in Oslo, Norway. At that time drug utilization data were not available to research workers in most places and only a limited number of countries were represented. The number of countries and research workers interested in this field has however grown steadily over the years. The International DURG meetings which have bee...

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World Health Organization : Year 1987, Dap 87.6: Proceedings of th...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

INTRODUCTI-ON Duo to drug shortages occuring at all levels of the health system (but more seriously in the rural areas), the lack of foreign exchange, together with the increasing demands for effective health care in Tanzania, in 1981 the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare (MOM) initiated a National Essential Drugs Programme which recommends an overall revision of drug policies. One of the first actions of thLe programme was the preparation of a National Essential Uru...

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World Health Organization : Report on a European Syposium Convened...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

I. GENERAL TOPICS 1 . RECALLS (Abstracted from FDA Press Information, May 22, 1974 - United States of America) The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recognizes three classes of recall of miirketed products. These three classes are defined as follows: Class I: This is an emergency situation involving the removal from the market of products in which the consequences are immediate or long range, life threatening and involve a direct cause-effect relationship....

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Dome of Death

By: Rigby Taylor

Dome of Death is a slightly shocking and occasionally thought provoking romantic thriller about two young men who’d love to be as cool as James Bond in the face of extreme danger, but discover reality is not like fiction. When Max, the director of an Art Gallery in Queensland, falls to his death, Peter, the exhibiting artist who is also Max's ex-lover, unwillingly accepts the widow’s pleas to take over the job. After rescuing a strange young man from a raging sea, Pe...

Chapter One Exposing oneself in public is not for the faint-hearted. En masse and expertly illuminated the paintings gave viewers rather more insight into the private spaces of my mind than I’d bargained for. The fact that the gallery’s patrons were also baring their souls with every critical utterance and every painting bought was scant consolation – especially as no one was buying! After an hour of eavesdropping among the usual crush of wine-sipping social scrambl...

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1968; Volume 39, Numbe...

By: Robert Traub

Medical Reference Publication

There is general agreement that the use of drugs should be rational; that is, that the right drug should be used for the right indication, by the right patient, in the right dose, in the right dosage form, for the right period of time and at a reasonable cost. The rational use of drugs is one of the aims of WHO and ways of achieving it are specified in various resolutions passed by the World Health Assembly. Drug utilieation research is an importadt part of the activitie...

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